This 30,000 square foot winery is located on the hill above the vineyards. Formally resembling a rock outcropping, this cantilever structure extends over the landscape and orients the visitor toward the view below.
Trees obscure the approach to the building until reaching the tip of the cantilever. The road circles the structure to allow a full view of the building and terminates at the rear. The threelevel winery is a collection of nine 40’ modules, which have been stacked and nestled in the landscape. The building is on axis with the vineyards and the lake beyond, which allows for views from modules.
The Operation of a Winery
Winery operation requires that an extensive set of programmatic requirements be met to facilitate the linear manufacture process. The second level is the main and entry level of the building, where trucks load and unload materials. The southwest bar of the building includes the laboratory, bottling line, and chemical storage facilities. The central bar includes the two-story fermentation tank space with an occupiable catwalk at ground level for tours and maintenance, as well as the barrel storage and cafe of the building. The northeast bar of the building includes sales, administration, and additional outdoor seating for the cafe.
In addition to the sectional organization, in plan the building operates with the tours taking place on the main and upper levels, while back-of-house operations occur on the lower level of the building. Finally, all spaces included on the main manufacture line have been designed for forklift operation and turning radii.
The project not only considers the programmatic requirements but also the technical requirements of structure and mechanical systems. The construction section and 1/2″ = 1′ bay model of the building demonstrate the structural premises of integrally cast concrete with slabs and walls as the sides of a “box beam.” Duct systems are sized in the mechanical diagrams and exposed in the work spaces; in contrast, a finish ceiling is included in the cafe and visitor spaces. Open web joist catwalks form the second level of the fermentation room for proper tank maintenance. Finally, the site plan meets requirements for parking, water retention, grading, and truck clearances and turning radii.
The thick walls necessary for the structural design create an earthy, cave-like quality in the interior spaces, with board-formed texture imitating rock strata. In areas where the thickness is not required for structural integrity of the cantilever, window openings have been included. In addition, the concrete walls are constructed with cavity spaces in the non-cantilever portion of the building; these cavities function as light wells with light filtering through gaps in the board-formed texture on the walls. Additional lighting is found at the oriented ends of the tubes; most ends are simply doubly-glazed, but the wine shop features water-filled wine bottles filtering the light to protect the integrity of bottled wine in the room.